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APA Style 7th Edition

About APA 7th Edition

This guide is a quick introduction to the American Psychological Association (APA) Style for references and citations. For more comprehensive information, consult the Publication Manual of the APA, APA Style website, or Purdue OWL APA website.


This page contains examples of commonly used formats from the APA-7th edition.


Note: The APA Citation Style is generally used for psychology, social sciences, and health disciplines. Please check with your instructors which style to use in your assignments.


How to read a citation


Who created this resource? a single Author? More than one author? An organization?


When was this resource created? Date: details included depend on the resource e.g. (year), (year, month, date).


What is this resource called? Title!


Where does this resource come from (or, where can my reader find this resource)? This can include the title of a larger work that your resource is part of (like one story from an anthology or one article from a journal) Publisher, and DOI or URL.

APA Citation Style



Title (book, article or webpage)

Source (publisher, journal title, site name, DOI or URL) 


Valfre, M.M.  (2009). Foundations of mental health care. Mosby Elsevier. 

Journal article from a library database:

Smith, J. A., Johnson, M. B., & Davis, C. R. (2020). Exploring the impact of technology on workplace productivity. Journal of Organizational Psychology, 25(3), 45-62.

Webpage within a website:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022). COVID-19: Vaccines for you and your family. CDC.