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The most reliable producer of statistics come from government agencies. For agriculture, the USDA is the best place to start. There are a lot of data offerings from USDA, below are some of the popular ones that are available online.
The Census of Agriculture is a complete count of U.S. farms and ranches and the people who operate them. The Census of Agriculture, taken only once every five years, looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income and expenditures.
Conducts surveys and prepares reports on a wide range of U.S. agriculture-production and supplies of food and fiber, prices paid and received by farmers, farm labor and wages, farm finances, chemical use, and changes in the demographics of U.S. producers. Historical data varies by commodity or data point, but some go back to the 1800s.
The Farm Labor Survey provides the basis for employment and wage estimates for all workers directly hired by U.S. farms and ranches (excluding Alaska) for each of four quarterly reference weeks. The quarterly estimates, in turn, provide the basis for annual average estimates. The National Agricultural Statistics Service publishes quarterly and annual estimates for the United States as a whole, each of 15 multi-state labor regions, and the single-state regions of California, Florida, and Hawaii. NASS conducts the Farm Labor Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Labor.
The USDA's NASS publishes daily, monthly and annual reports on pricing and production of various agricultural commodities. Search by date, commodity, or subject by using the navigation tool on the left side of the page.
The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) is prepared and released by the World Agricultural Outlook Board (WAOB). The report is released monthly, and provides annual forecasts for supply and use of U.S. and world wheat, rice, coarse grains, oilseeds, and cotton. The report also covers U.S. supply and use of sugar, meat, poultry eggs and milk, as well as Mexico’s supply and use of sugar.
Explore data that can help inform agriculture investment, innovation and policy strategy. If you’re interested in agricultural production, food security, rural development, nutrition, natural resources, regional food systems, this page is for you.