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Citing Sources

How to cite sources in APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian formats

Getting Started

This guide provides an overview for citing sources in APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian Styles.

Citation Management Tools

It can be difficult keeping track of dozens of references. Citation management tools help by saving all your references in a list that you can search, organize, and reformat in various citation styles. Try any of these free citation management tools.

James C. Kirkpatrick Library offers free institutional storage on Zotero for all UCM students, faculty, and staff. To access this, simply go to and sign up/in using your UCM email address. It should automatically give you unlimited storage. Also, if you previously registered with a different email address, you can add your institutional address to your current account when you're logged in at

Other free citation management tools are listed below. Please note that they may have storage limitations.

Citation and Bibliography Features in MS Word

Do not use the References feature in MS Word to build your in-text citations or bibliography. As of MS Word 2016, the options allowed in MS Word are insufficient for college-level work. It is unable to produce a citation that is correctly formatted with all required elements.