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Writing a Literature Review

Includes definitions, approaches to literature reviews, finding sources, organizing the literature review, and practical tips.

Are your sources authoritative and reliable?

CRAAP Test for Evaluating Information

  • Currency

  • Relevance
  • Authority
  • Accuracy
  • Purpose

Currency - timeliness of the resource for the topic (does your topic require current sources or will older information work?)

Relevance - the importance of the information for your needs

Authority - who is the author? Why is the author qualified (or not) to write on this issue? What are the author's credentials?

Accuracy - is the information supported by evidence? Can you verify the information from another source? Has the source been verified, reviewed, refereed?

Purpose - Inform, teach, sell, entertain, persuade? Is it for the public, professionals, academics?  Are biases apparent (political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, personal?)