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Writing a Literature Review

Includes definitions, approaches to literature reviews, finding sources, organizing the literature review, and practical tips.

What is research?

What is a literature review?

A literature review, in academic writing, is the process used by the researcher to: 

  • learn what has been done on a topic
  • determine who is writing on the topic
  • establish opinions about the topic
  • analyze the information presented on the topic

Identify your research question

  • Identify what the study is about
  • Identify where the study takes place
  • Identify why the study takes place
  • Identify who is involved
  • Identify why the study is valuable
  • Identify how you are going to approach the study

Additional sources:

How to develop a good research question?

Narrowing a topic and writing a research question